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ER Glossary

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Class readers are books which the whole class read together. Each student has the same book to read. When students read the same book it is called class reading.

Extensive Reading (ER) is an approach to reading that emphasizes fluent reading of a lot of text at a comfortable pace and with high levels of understanding. Typically, this reading is enjoyable and rewarding, and should not be a struggle.

An Extensive Reading program is part of a course, or curriculum, that helps students to read extensively. The Extensive Reading program would have reading materials (such as graded readers), goals, methods of assessment, and so on.

Fluent reading happens when a student can read a given text with high levels of comprehension, and at a good reading pace. When reading fluently, a student should not need a dictionary.

Graded readers (sometimes known as readers) are books written for language learners which have simplified vocabulary and grammar to aid easier reading. Typically, Graded readers are part of a series of books which range from very easy to quite difficult.

Graded reading is the reading in a foreign language of books and texts which have been simplified (graded) to make the text easier to read.

Group Reading happens when two or more students read the same book at the same time.

Headwords are the group of words with the same meaning, but with different inflections. For example, in the help headword group there is help, helps, helping helped. Not all publishers use the same criteria and include some derivatives as well (helpless, unhelpful, and so on)

Intensive Reading is an approach to reading which tries to help students build language and text knowledge (e.g. through vocabulary, or grammar exercises related to the reading text) and use comprehension tests to check understanding. Intensive reading can also mean learning reading skills. Intensive Reading is also known as Language Study Reading

Reading extensively means reading a lot of books or text fluently, and at a comfortable level, and with high levels of understanding.

A studentís reading level is dependent on his or her level of knowledge about how to read in a foreign language. Factors that affect a studentís reading level include his or her knowledge of the vocabulary, grammar, text structure, and so on.

Reading skills are skills that a person needs to master in order to read texts effectively. These include the ability to scan for specific information, to skim for general understanding, identifying the main points, understanding the text structure, and so on.

Self-Selected Reading happens when the student chooses his or her own book to read.

Text difficulty is determined by the complexity of the language and topic of a text. Factors which affect the difficulty of a text include the proportion of common versus rare words, the complexity of the grammar, the structure of the text and so on.